In the Spirit of the Laws (1748), Montesquieu argues that any government, if it is to protect the liberty of it's citizens, needs a separation of powers. He states that the executive, legislative, and judicial functions of the government should be assigned to different bodies.
Related Question in Social Studies
- Federal Reserve policymakers cut their short-term interest rate target an aggressive half-point to 2% on Tuesday� This cut was the Fed�s 10th attempt this year to support the U.S. economy, which is still weakening after Sept. 11 attacks. The moves represent some of the most furious rate-cutting in Fed history� Fed officials have now pushed the rate banks charge each other for overnight loans to its lowest level since 1961�Major banks lowered the prime rate in [lockstep] with the Fed, bringing down to 5% from 5.5%. That translates into lower rates for home-equity loans, business loans, and some credit cards. By taking the actions described in the passage above, the Fed was likely trying to: decrease business activity decrease the money supply increase the amount of money that banks must keep in reserves increase business activity
- Which of the following is the best example of a key difference between capitalist and socialist economies. In capitalistic economies, competition between businesses is kept to a minimum; in socialist economies there is a great deal of competition among businesses Capitalist economies push for perfect equality between all people; socialist economies encourage a great deal of inequality among people In capitalist economies, the government doesn't interfere too much with business ownership; in socialist economies the government owns or runs most businesses. In capitalist economies, religion plays a strong role in all business ownership; in socialist economies religion plays no role in business ownership