In mammals, mature red blood cells do not have mitochondria. Instead of using oxygen to help produce ATP, they use a form of anaerobic respiration known as lactic acid fermentation to form ATP. Based on the information just given, what is the role of the mitochondria in cells that do contain mitochondria? (Points : 2) use lactic acid to make ATP use oxygen to make ATP use ATP to make oxygen

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Accepted Answer

Mitochondria is the power house of the cells. They perform oxidative phosphorylation which uses oxygen to make ATP. Therefore option (B) is correct.What is oxidative phosphorylation?Oxidative phosphorylation is the process by which oxygen is consumed in conjunction with the production of ATP. This process is connected to the flow of electrons along the mitochondrial electron transport chain.The electrons that are produced from NADH and FADH2 interact with oxygen (O2), and the energy that is released as a result of the oxidation and reduction events that have taken place is then used to fuel the synthesis of ATP from ADP.It is responsible for establishing and maintaining metabolic equilibrium, as well as providing the majority of the ATP that is required by higher animals and plants in order to sustain life.Learn more about oxidative phosphorylation,here:

Suggested Answer

Mitochondria use oxygen to make ATP in a process called oxidative phosphorylation. Mitochondrion are found in most eukaryotic cells which are cells that make up plants, animals and fungi.