A line graph titled Workers' Wages around the World. The x-axis is labeled 1400 to 1800 by century. The y-axis is labeled Grams of Silver Per Day from 0 to 20. Lines on the graph are labeled London, Delhi, Amsterdam, and Beijing. London is under 5 grams in 1400 and 1500, around 7 in 1600, over 10 in 1700, over 15 in 1800. Delhi is 0 in 1400 to 1600, under 5 in 1700 and 1800. Amsterdam is 5 in 1400, under 5 in 1500, over 5 in 1600, and almost 10 in 1700 and 1800. Beijing is under 5 from 1400 to 1800. Workers in the city of earned the highest wages in 1700. In the cities of , wages stayed about the same between 1700 and 1800. What was the effect of industrialization on worker's wages in London?
Allied soldiers in World War II were trapped at Dunkirk, France, and they could not escape because the shallow water kept rescue ships from landing. But hundreds of people in England took rowboats, tugs, and barges across the English Channel. For eight days, this odd navy carried soldiers from the beaches to the large ships. More than 300,000 soldiers were taken to safety. 1 What is the main idea of this passage? A Small ships are better than big ships B Many soldier were saved C Soldiers were rescued from Dunkirk by the English D The big ship could not get into shallow water?
Washington’s Farewell Address, 1796 (Modified Excerpts) (1) The name of American, which belongs to you in your national capacity, must always exalt (promote) the just pride of patriotism more than any appellation (label or name) derived from local discriminations. With slight shades of difference, you have the same religion, manners, habits, and political principles. You have in a common cause fought and triumphed together; the independence and liberty you possess are the work of joint counsels (meetings), and joint efforts of common dangers, sufferings, and successes. (2) In contemplating the causes which may disturb our Union, it occurs as matter of serious concern that any ground should have been furnished for characterizing parties by geographical discriminations, Northern and Southern, Atlantic and Western; whence designing (manipulative) men may endeavor (try) to excite a belief that there is a real difference of local interests and views. (3) Let me now take a more comprehensive (complete) view, and warn you in the most solemn (serious) manner against the baneful (negative) effects of the spirit of party generally. The disorders and miseries which result gradually incline the minds of men to seek security and repose (rest) in the absolute power of an individual; and sooner or later the chief of some prevailing faction (group), more able or more fortunate than his competitors, turns this disposition to the purposes of his own elevation, on the ruins of public liberty. (4) Promote then, as an object of primary importance, institutions for the general diffusion (spread) of knowledge. In proportion as the structure of a government gives force to public opinion, it is essential that public opinion should be enlightened (educated). (5) The great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is in extending our commercial relations, to have with them as little political connection as possible. So far as we have already formed engagements, let them be fulfilled with perfect good faith. Here let us stop. It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world. Source: George Washington’s Farewell Address, originally published as “The Address of General Washington To The People of The United States on his declining of the Presidency of the United States” in the American Daily Advertiser, September 19, 1796. Guiding Questions Use excerpts from George Washington’s Farewell Address to answer the questions below. You may have to re-read the address 3-4 times and look up unfamiliar words. CLOSE READING: WASHINGTON’S ADVICE 2. In paragraph 1, what is Washington advising against? Find a quote to support your claim: 3. In paragraphs 2-3, what is Washington advising against and why? Find a quote to support your claim: 4. In paragraph 5, what is Washington advising against? Find a quote to support your claim: AFTER READING: Contextualizing/Corroborating 5. Has the United States followed Washington’s 3 pieces of advice? Why do you think that is?
Which actions or methods were used by the United States to engage in proxy wars? Select FOUR answers. Selling weapons to proxy nations Directly fighting the Soviet military Creating alliances between friendly nations Supporting military coups and dictatorships Providing economic aid Invading Afghanistan to fight mujahideen Encouraging seizure of private property
Which of the following statements best describes the development of England as a nation-state? (10 points) After William the Conqueror became king of England, he passed the Magna Carta, which created Parliament. When Parliament was established by the Romans, the idea of rule by legal precedent began in England. Over time, Parliament lost power and the king became the absolute power in England, which continues today. After William the Conqueror became king of England, he enacted the Doomsday Book and other legal precents that established that Parliament and the monarch would rule England as equal powers. As the need for protection gradually decreased, feudalism was replaced by monarchs who ruled by laws and legal precedent. Eventually, Parliament became more powerful than the monarch.